Immovable heritage

The law 107/2001 predicts three categories of real estate - monument, assembly and site - as defined in international law, with emphasis on the Granada Convention.

Along with the rating categories are also recognized by the laws and the international doctrine other classifications of real estate, and the heritage architectural, urban, archaeological or landscape, which in turn are divided according to function, technical and constructive characteristics, times or languages.

The northern region has the highest number of national monuments (apr. 270.) and buildings of public interest (apr. 1000.) and has 4 properties inscribed on the World Heritage List: Porto Historic Center and Guimarães Historic Center. The special areas of protection of Alto Douro Wine Region and Prehistoric Sites of Rock Art of Vale do Rio Coa are the largest protected areas of cultural heritage in Portugal.

It also has large urban areas covered by easements cultural heritage, as in Amarante, Braga, Bragança, Caminha, Chaves, Guimarães, Miranda do Douro, Ponte de Lima, Porto, Torre de Moncorvo or Viana do Castelo.

The scientific potential, educational, touristic and economic heritage of the property makes it an essential factor for any of the northern region development strategy but also represents a major challenge for safeguarding. It is normal to have tensions between proposals of occupation and land use and the protection of property values, so it is important a good relationship between the policies of heritage and planning in order to achieve the greatest possible compatibility.

The DRCN understands the real estate as inseparable from the surrounding context components whose good management enhances the environmental and landscape value, increases the quality of life and contributes to a harmonious development.

On the other hand, the playing field of the property heritage has expanded and now includes typologies as diverse as underwater heritage, contemporary architecture, vernacular architecture, industrial heritage and engineering works, historic gardens or cultural landscapes. The management of this asset universe is increasingly demanding and only possible in a multidisciplinary and institutional framework for cooperation, that the DRCN has been dedicated in promoting.

Heritage research classified and pending classification
Architectural heritage inventory
Inventory of the archaeological heritage